DAR-ES-SALAAM, A new report has forecast that based on current trends, all the electricity produced within Tanzania will come from renewable energy sources by the year 2050.
The report, entitled "100 Per Cent Renewable Energy for Tanzania" argues that the new renewable energy projects --mainly wind, photo-voltaic systems, ocean and geothermal energy -- being implemented in Tanzania, will by then contribute 75 per cent of the country's total electricity consumed.
The installed capacity of renewable energy projects would reach about 20 gigawatts (GW) in 2030 and 60 GW by 2050, adds the report, which was jointly conducted by Bread for the World (BftW), World Future Council (WFC), Germany's Lilienstr Institute and the Climate Action Network Tanzania.
The researchers used energy scenario software for the long-term projections and economic parameters which have been developed by the German Aerospace Centre (DLR).
almost all renewable energy in Tanzania is technically and economically possible (and provide) a realistic pathway for Tanzania to align with the Paris Agreement and Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the report asserts.
After 2020, the shares of growth of energy supplies from solar and geothermal sources will complete the mix of new energy sources under the basic renewable scenario. An approximate investment of 160 billion US dollars will be required for this to become reality, including investments for replacement after the economic lifetime of the various power plants, totalling around 5.0 billion USD per year.
The total investment required for the advanced scenario to 2050 is estimated at 310 billion USD, at an average of 9.0 billion USD per year. The report argues that Tanzania has sufficient renewable energy resources to keep storage shares well below 20 per cent while securing supply of 100 per cent renewable energy.
Joachim Funfgelt, from the Germany-based institution, Bread for the World, notes that with renewable energy, Tanzania will advance itself to middle income nation status and alleviate poverty.
Renewables are ideal for reducing poverty among the rural people, CAN Tanzania Executive Director Sixbert Mwanga states. An official with the Tanzania Traditional Energy Development Organization (TaTEDO), Mary Swai, points out that the renewable energies minimize environmental pollution because of low greenhouse gas emissions.
Source: NAM NEWS NETWORK