‘Wildlife protection means war against poachers’

THE College of African Wildlife Management (CAWM) in Tanzania has introduced a paramilitary course to equip its students with Knowledge on how to deal with poachers.

CAWM Rector Prof Jafari Kideghesho says the college has registered tangible success and its graduates are demonstrating the same in the countries they are working. Wildlife conservation is basically the practice of protecting wild plant and animal species and their habitats.

The goal is to ensure that nature will be around for the future generations to enjoy and also to recognize the importance of wildlife and wilderness for humans and other species alike. Wildlife conservation has become an increasingly important practice due to the negative effects of human activity on wildlife.

An endangered specie is defined as a population of a living specie that is in danger of becoming extinct because of several reasons. Some of the reasons can be, that the species have a very low population or they are threatened by the varying environmental or prepositional parameters. In Tanzania some such animals are elephants and rhinos. Prof Kideghesho says that this year CAWM had 220 students 49 of whom were females, making up 22 percent.

They, have been trained and examined to the highest and competent standards and are ready to go and serve in their respective areas of specialization. The College of African Wildlife Management has trained over 8,000 wildlife and tourism professionals from 52 countries worldwide, including 24 non-African countries, he says.

The college has, indeed, demonstrated that it was created to serve not only Africa but the global wildlife conservation community. In 1961 the Father of this nation, the late Mwalimu Julius Kambarage Nyerere, affirmed in the famous Arusha Manifesto that, ‘The conservation of wildlife and wild places calls for specialist knowledge, trained manpower and money’. We have indeed implemented and continue to implement this early conservation visionary commitment statement.

As we do this, we subscribe to the words of wisdom from Mahatma Gandhi that ‘the Earth provides enough to satisfy every man’s needs, but not every man’s greed’. � Indeed, we hold this in trust, he says. The rector says that their alumni serve in several wildlife and forest protected areas of Africa and beyond. That they have always been quite popular with employers, but also a significant proportion of them have been able to engage effectively in selfemployment

. These are the judges and witnesses of our history, i.e. witnesses of where the college started from and where it stands today. Even in the past one year there have been notable positive changes in the areas of field transport, camping, teaching and students’ accommodation, he explains.

Some hostels and cafeteria have undergone major renovation and currently the major renovation of the college buildings are underway. But, while it is doing all those using internal generated funds, it has approached and is continuing to approach donors, including the African Development Bank (ADB), for grants. It is also negotiating with National Housing Corporation (NHC) to build new hostels with a total capacity of 400 students.

In our self assessment, we would like to submit that the College has grown and diversified its training programmes in response to emerging challenges and our customers’ demands. We now offer a total of 10 training programmes from Basic Certificate to Postgraduate Diploma and we are currently developing a Master degree curriculum in collaboration with Manchester Metropolitan University of the UK, he says.

The College has strategically positioned itself as a centre of excellence in wildlife management training in the East Africa region and is recognised so by the East African Community (EAC) since 2013. It is also recognised by the Southern African Development Community (SADC) as experts in training wildlife and tourism professionals. Therefore, one must be proud to be part of this College.

These challenges are threatening the survival of wildlife species, the tourism sector and the economy in general. Furthermore, poaching and illegal wildlife trade is regarded as a security and humanitarian issue attested to fund political conflicts and terrorism in Africa, he says.

The college has regularly being reviewing its curricula by involving its stakeholders to design courses that would effectively address the emerging challenges and market demands. The curriculum review is also undertaken to take advantage of the emerging opportunities for furthering conservation work such as technological advancement and policy reforms.

The last time the College reviewed its curricula was in August, this year, he says. Speaking of the Government’s decision to adopt paramilitary approach in managing its natural resources including wildlife, Professor Kidegesho congratulates the government for the move.

He says it is a vital step towards combating wildliferelated crimes. In line with the move, he says CAWM has introduced paramilitary training in curricula for all programmes offered by the College. It is obvious to all students that are participating or dodging paramilitary is an issue of shape up or ship out! I sincerely thank the management of Police College of Moshi for immense support thy have rendered.

The college has been a major collaborator in ensuring that this training is effectively and successfully conducted by by providing instructors, firearms and training grounds, he says. Mweka, as CAWM is fondly known due to the name of the village is unique from other higher learning institutions in many aspects. An introduction of paramilitary course in its curricula has made it more unique.

With exception of military institutions, Mweka is now the only higher learning institution where its students play parade and are imparted with military skills. For that matter, Mweka graduates are highly disciplined, with more stamina, more strength and more speed to confront the conservation challenges.

All Mweka staff including me are willing, eager and ready to join paramilitary training in Mlele. Our ambition is that in the next two years the entire College be in combats and boots, he says.

He appreciates the students’ government for closely and smoothly working with the College Management in day-to-day activities. He thanks the Ministry of Water and Irrigation for funding a water supply project on campus by providing a financial support of 400m/.

He mentions other such partners in management and conservation of wildlife, sponsors of academic prizes; Robin Hurt Safaris (T) Ltd, Snake Park-Arusha, TAWA, African Wildlife Foundation- Arusha, Wildersun Safaris and Tours (T) Ltd, Wildlife Division, TANAPA, NCAA, Bonite Bottlers Ltd, Friedkin Conservation Fund, Leopard Tours, Kibo Guides, Asilia and Tembo Foundation. What challenges does CAWM face?

There are several, such as inadequate funds, field equipment infrastructure to cater for an increasing number of training programs, students and staff. We have shortage of field vehicles, camping gears, firearms, hostels, staff houses, classrooms, lecture theatres, library, laboratories, staff offices and teaching aids to mention just a few.

Furthermore, the College’s field station at Kwakuchinja, has no water and power supply at all. The staff members who are stationed there permanently, and students who temporarily stay there, face big challenges when it comes to fetching water, using electronic equipment and lighting the camp at night, he says.

Source: Daily News

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British High Commissioner Helps Launch Comic Relief-GSK Grants to help fight Malaria in Tanzania

Three organisations tackling malaria in Tanzania are to receive grants worth TSh 7.6 billion (pound;2.8 million) from UK charity Comic Relief and GSK through their five-year partnership to help fight malaria and improve health in five malaria endemic countries.

They are: the Association of Private Health Facilities in Tanzania (APHFTA), the Clinton Health Access Initiative (CHAI) and the Tanzania Communication and Development Center (TCDC).

The grants � which are the first to be given through Comic Relief and GSK’s pound;22 million partnership � were announced at an event hosted by the British High Commissioner, Sarah Cooke, in Dar es Salaam attended by key Tanzanian stakeholders, as well as Comic Relief officials from the UK including Comic Relief Trusstee, Davina McCall.

Speaking at the event, the British High Commissioner said: We are marking the partnership here in Tanzania between a Great British Company � GSK- and a Great British Institution � Comic Relief. I’m delighted that we have representatives from the Association of Private Health Facilities in Tanzania (APHFTA), the Clinton Health Access Initiative in Tanzania (CHAI); and Tanzania Communication and Development Centre (TCDC). They are the first organisations to be awarded funding from this Partnership.

The High Commissioner said the Comic Relief/GSK partnership to fight malaria had special resonance with her for 2 reasons: Firstly, Comic Relief is an organisation that I grew up with. Since 1985, it has raised over pound;1bn through its fund-raising initiatives Red Nose Day and Sport Relief. It helps people living incredibly tough lives in the UK and around the world � predominantly in Africa. And it was one of the organisations that gave me my first introduction to the realities of extreme poverty and the daily challenges faced by millions of people. It was by watching Comic Relief on TV as a young school girl � and wearing a red nose to school – that I realised I was incredibly lucky to have been born in the UK with all the opportunities that brings. It helped set me on a path to spending my adult life living and working in developing countries to help others have a better life. In fact, you could say that I’m living here today, in the British High Commissioner’s Residence, in part because of the inspiration of Comic Relief. It is certainly often seen as a barometer, showing the British public’s commitment to a fairer, more equitable world. And, just like me, it is often British school children’s first introduction to the realities of extreme poverty. There is a second reason why the partnership between Comic Relief and GSK has particularly resonance for me. Around 15 years ago, I was working in the South Pacific and I contracted malaria. I was one of the lucky ones � I was able to recognise the symptoms, get tested and get treated. Not everyone is that lucky.

The High Commissioner highlighted the tremendous progress made in the fight against malaria, including in Tanzania: Globally, death rates have declined by 60% since the year 2000, which resulted in 1.2bn fewer malaria cases and saving 6.2m lives. But the gains are fragile and more needs to be done, she said. Malaria is a preventable and treatable disease, but it still kills a child somewhere in the world every two minutes. In Africa, one in five child deaths are still caused by this terrible disease. It slows economic growth and development, and perpetuates a vicious cycle of poverty. Without sustained investment, there will be a resurgence of malaria and a reversal of the impressive gains.

Ms Cooke said the British Government was committed to helping bring malaria under control in Africa, working in partnership with others: In September, our Secretary of State for International Development announced a 3 year pledge of pound;1.1bn to the Global Fund to fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria. It will help fund 40 million bed nets to fight malaria. The British Government also has a strong and long-term focus on research and development for malaria. That includes working in partnership with companies such as GSK, a British company with an unrivalled commitment to tackling malaria � stretching back over the last century.

The High Commissioner congratulated Comic Relief, GSK and their partner organisations in Tanzania for their great work which aspires to reach over 2 million people: The Comic Relief and GSK partnership here in Tanzania will complement the tremendous work of the Ministry of Health and the National Malaria Control Programme. That is key to controlling malaria, to reducing its impact and to enabling families, communities and the economy to thrive.

The three grants will be awarded through Comic Relief and GSK’s partnership, which was launched in 2015 to fight malaria and improve health in five countries: Ghana, Mozambique, Tanzania, Sierra Leone and the Greater Mekong Sub Region. The organisations teamed up in support of global efforts to strengthen health systems’ capabilities to fight malaria � a disease which continues to claim the life of a child every two minutes. The pound;22 million partnership fund will provide targeted grants to organisations on the frontline tackling malaria in these countries. The grants, made and managed by Comic Relief, will complement current malaria programmes and help build sustainable ways to ensure people can access diagnosis and prevention at the right time and in the right place.

Comic Relief already focuses its grants on supporting a range of interventions designed to strengthen health systems. The UK charity has used its annual national fundraising campaigns, Red Nose Day and Sport Relief, as a platform to raise awareness of the devastating impact that malaria has on families and communities.

Malaria in Tanzania

Although estimates suggest that the incidence of malaria deaths in Tanzania decreased by 73 percent between 2004 and 2014, Malaria remains the leading cause of death among children in the country. Tanzania has a National Malaria Strategic Plan which aims to reduce the average prevalence of malaria from 10% in 2012 to less than 1% by 2020. The work of the three grantees selected through the partnership complements this approach:

TCDC will use their grant of TSh 2.4 billion (pound;890,497) to engage and educate communities on malaria and promote positive care-seeking behaviours. Radio, print media and community events will be used to deliver these messages. Networks of community health workers will be trained on malaria prevention and treatment and on skills to facilitate dialogue and increase awareness of the disease in the communities they serve.

APHFTA will use their grant of TSh 2.7 billion (pound;995,675) to improve malaria healthcare services in the private and public sector in Geita, and increase malaria knowledge. The project will work to improve the availability and quality of malaria diagnosis, treatment and prevention services through training public and private health providers in national malaria treatment guidelines and the use of diagnostic equipment and appropriate treatment.

CHAI will use their grant of TSh 2.5 billion (pound;955,328) to train private providers in Rukwa, Ruvumba and Njombe districts to use rapid diagnostic tests to diagnose for malaria; screen for other common illnesses which cause fever; provide assured medicines to treat the diagnosed illness; refer people with complications to health facilities; and use their mobile phones to collect and use data to better track patients.

Source: British High Commission Dar es Salaam.

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